Sustainable Forest Management

Sustainable forest management is managed according to the principles of sustainable development. Sustainable forest management uses environmental, economic, and social goals implemented by individuals. A large range of forestry institutions practice different forms of sustainable forest management and various methods are used.
The definition of forest management is the balance attained between society’s increasing demand for forest benefits and products and the preservation of diversity and health of forests. In order for forests to survive, it is crucial that the balance be maintained not only for the forests but also for those that are dependent on the forests like the forest communities.
A forest manager in order to sustainably manage a forest means to determine in a tangible manner, how to use it today and still reap the same benefits such as the forests health and productivity in the future. A forest manager in charge of a sustainable forest management program must integrate and assess conflicting factors such as the commercial and non-commercial values, community needs, environmental considerations, and global impact in the producing of a sound forest management plan.
Forest management plans are usually developed in consultation with communities, organizations, businesses, and citizens involved in the forest tract. Sustainable forest management is not a fixed outcome even after a carefully drawn up plan and societies and forests are in constant flux. Some of the key elements of sustainable forest management are:
• Policy, legal and institutional framework
• Socio economic functions
• Protective functions of all forest resources
• Productive functions and forest resources
• Forest health
• Forest vitality
• Biological diversity
• Extent of forest resources
A majority of forests belongs to governments, but forest management and governance starts being independent of formal ownership. The role of the stat is diminishing and market forces are starting to take over the dominant socio-economic role. Forest conservation however cannot be met if in contrast of land use changes, which are driven by demand for profit.